of H.R. 893
The Wartime Parity
and Justice Act of 2005
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Congressman Xavier Becerra (D-CA)
Overview: The Wartime Parity and Justice Act
of 2005, will provide equitable redress to Japanese Latin Americans
(JLA) forcibly removed, at the urging of our government, from various
Latin American countries and interned in the United States during
World War II. In addition, the legislation will seek to provide
redress to Japanese Americans who suffered grievances resulting
from government actions during the evacuation, relocation, and
internment period, who did not garner rectification from the Civil
Liberties Act of 1988 on various technical grounds. Finally, the
bill will authorize $45 million to create an education fund to
ensure that this chapter in our nation’s history is appropriately
Summary of Provisions:
1. Provides redress in the amount of $20,000 to JLAs forcibly removed
from certain Latin American countries and interned in the United
States during WWII.
2. Provides an official U.S. apology to JLAs that admits culpability,
the facts surrounding the removal of these individuals from their
residences, and their internment in the United States..
3. Provides expanded notification to individuals eligible for redress
and extends the right of claimants who are denied to appeal the
4. Expunges the designation of “illegal alien” from
the record of JLA individuals while they were interned in the United
States. Does not confer citizenship or residency status..
5. Directs the U.S. government to disclose all information relevant
to the forcible removal of individuals who were displaced from
their homes and brought to the U.S. This includes disclosure of
the fate of individuals who are still unaccounted for. In addition,
the U.S. government would be directed to work with other nations
involved in these abductions in order to share information..
6. Directs all involved agencies to release the names, addresses,
telephone numbers, and all other relevant information for all persons
who have claimed or will claim redress to the attorneys representing
7. Allows an additional 6 years for interned or relocated Japanese
Americans who failed to meet the application deadline of the original
Civil Liberties Act to apply for redress..
8. Makes eligible for redress at $20,000 those Japanese American
citizens born in an internment camp between June 30, 1946 and March
9. Makes eligible for redress at $20,000 those U.S. citizens born
outside of an internment camp between January 20, 1945 and March
1, 1948, who faced government barriers for return into exclusion
10. Makes eligible for redress at $20,000 Japanese American workers,
and their dependent children, employed by private railroad and
mining companies, who were terminated because of government action..
11. Makes eligible for redress at $20,000 persons of Japanese ancestry
detained in the United States who would have been eligible for
citizenship or permanent resident status had discriminatory immigration
laws not been in effect..
12. Provides that other claimants may be made eligible for redress
depending on the outcome of cases in litigation..
13. Reauthorize $45 million to create an education fund to fulfill
the mandate of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. This amount would
be invested in government obligations and earn interest at an annual
rate of at least 5% to ensure that the education program continues
14. Authorizes appropriations in the amount necessary to meet the
obligations under this Act.